Your skin type is the first thing you need to know before choosing the right skin care and makeup products. Your skin is your canvas and you have to understand what it is made of before knowing how to work with it. Do you know if you have normal, dry, oily, or combination skin? If not, then keep reading. Today we aim to answer the question, “What is my skin type?”
There are four skin types namely, normal, dry, oily, and combination. However, our skin type may change because of internal and external factors like aging, exposure to chemicals, genetics, illnesses, and others.
People with normal skin type have the right balance of moisture, small and almost invisible pores, even skin tone. Their skin type is considered the most desirable simply because it is much easier to find makeup and skin care products that will not have any adverse effects on their skin. However, it poses the same risks as the other skin types so protection from the sun is still important. A facial sunscreen with at least 30 SPF is the most ideal to protect the skin from sun damage and other effects like wrinkles.
People with oily skin have excess sebum secreted by the sebaceous glands underneath the facial skin. In some cases, people with this oily skin tend to look and feel oily only minutes to hours after washing the face. A person with very oily skin would need to wash their face maybe twice a day to get rid of the greasy feeling and to wash off all the impurities that have accumulated on the skin throughout the day.
Oily skin can be caused by genetics but it can also be triggered by puberty when the sebaceous glands tend to go haywire. It is most common that the T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin) is the oiliest because of the many sebaceous glands present in this area.
People with oily skin can skip the moisturizer on most days because they already have more than enough natural moisturizer. However, they are not excluded from sun damage and would still need to apply sunscreen with at least 30 SPF. An oil-free sunscreen should be applied on the skin specially formulated for the face. Find a product that is less likely to cause breakouts or blackheads. It may be a matter of trial and error, but reading the label always helps in choosing the right product.
People with dry skin don’t produce enough natural moisturizer aka, sebum. And because of this, there is little oil to protect the outer layer of the skin and lock in moisture. Usually, people with dry skin feel like their face is tight to some extent and their skin is more prone to irritation and flaking. You can, however, have flaky skin and not have dry skin. Severely dehydrated skin can become painful and itchy for some people who suffer from eczema.
Some medical treatments can also cause dry skin like breast cancer treatment. The treatment stops the production of hormones thus creating an impact on the health of the skin.
Menopause also causes dry skin. When a woman is in her late forties, she is more prone to this.
You can properly care for dry skin by using a gentle and soap-free cleanser, and of course, moisturizing regularly. Applying moisturizer twice a day may be necessary for extremely dry skin.
The combination type of skin is, literally, a combination of both dry/normal and oily skin. Usually, people with combination skin have an oilier T-zone than the rest of the face. Sometimes the face is dry or just normal.
For people with combination skin, sometimes a variety of products is needed to treat the different parts of the face differently. For example, you may need to apply moisturizer on your cheeks but not on your T-zone area.
If you’re still not certain about your skin type, it is best to consult with a dermatologist. They will not only confirm your skin type for you but will also provide the right advice and prescription so you can care for your skin the best way possible.
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